Medial Knee Pain

Medial Knee PainMedial knee pain is a form of pain that happens in the inner portion of the knee. Although there are many reasons someone can develop medial knee pain, it is a frequent problem in runners and athletes.

Muscle weakness and tightness can cause the proper function of the knee to compensate form. This can put more stress on the inner part of the knee leading to medial knee pain.

For related issue see Pain Behind Knee, Knee Cap Pain, or Anterior Knee Pain articles. Alternatively our Knee Pain Diagnosis will help you determine where your pain is coming from and what caused it.


There are four main ways to develop medial knee pain.

  1. Sprain/Strain – A stretch or tear of the ligament, muscle or tendon.
  2. MCL Tear – The MCL (medial collateral ligament) is injured when struck causing damage to the fibers of the inner side of the knee. An MCL injury is a common athletic injury.
  3. Meniscus Tear – A meniscus tear is an injury in the meniscus: a rubbery, C-shaped disc that cushions your knee. It’s usually caused by twisting or turning quickly, often with the foot planted and the knee bent.
  4. Arthritis – Arthritis is a join disorder where inflammation occurs in the joint. One of the most common forms of arthritis is osteoarthritis.


Symptoms of medial knee pain can include.

  1. Inner knee pain
  2. Swelling
  3. Bruising
  4. Instability
  5. Stiffness
  6. Swelling
  7. Locking
  8. Difficulty straightening the leg
  9. Clicking & grinding
  10. Reduced leg movements


A proper physical examination of the knee joint by your doctor is the best way to determine the cause of your medial knee pain.

For help in self-diagnosis see our simple guide here to learn more. It will help you diagnose all kinds of knee issues.


The RICE method for injuries is highly recommended (Rest, Ice, Compress & Elevate). To learn about RICE, click here.

In addition these simple knee exercises are beneficial, and they won’t put additional strain on your bad knee. You can also take over the counter medication to help relieve your medial knee pain.


Medial knee pain or knee pain in general is difficult to prevent. However, you can do some general things to reduce the likelihood of sustaining an injury to your knee.

  1. Maintain a healthy weight
  2. Listen to your body
  3. Exercise wisely
  4. Protect your knees

For further information on medial knee pain relief see our knee strengthening exercises. Make sure to do the warm-up exercises first! A quality knee brace can also assist you in relieving pain and stress from painful parts of the knee.

Do you have medial knee pain? Please comment below.

Article last updated on January 8th, 2019, first published on May 22, 2013.

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